In principle, can the membrane potential of a cell ever be equal to the equilibrium potential for an ion? If yes, under what circumstances; if no, why not? Explain your reasoning.

In principle, can the membrane potential of a cell ever be equal to the equilibrium potential for an ion? If yes, under what circumstances; if no, why not? Explain your reasoning.

 

Belimumab is a FDA approved biological theraputic. Briefly describe its structure and mechanism of action. Would you expect any off target interactions? why or why not?

Belimumab is an FDA approved biological therapeutic. Briefly describe its structure and mechanism of action. Would you expect any off-target interactions? why or why not?

 

The sequences generated by Sanger sequencing are longer than Illumina HiSeq/MiSeq outputs

The sequences generated by Sanger sequencing are longer than Illumina HiSeq/MiSeq outputs

 

If a typical allosterically controlled enzyme is exposed to saturating levels of substrate, what would be the effects of allosteric activators on the reaction velocity?

If a typical allosterically controlled enzyme is exposed to saturating levels of substrate, what would be the effects of allosteric activators on the reaction velocity?

 

What we can learn about the scientists such as Leeuwenhoek, Robert koch, Loius pasteur and Lazzaro Spallanzani ? Which of these people were well represented, and which groups were not well represented and Why do you think some groups of people are more well represented than others when we investigate historic scientists? How does it make you feel to consider the previous three questions?

 

What can we learn about the scientists such as Leeuwenhoek, Robert Koch, Loius Pasteur and Lazzaro Spallanzani? Which of these people were well represented, and which groups were not well represented and Why do you think some groups of people are better represented than others when we investigate historic scientists? How does it make you feel to consider the previous three questions?

If the firm has $32 million in retained earnings, at what size capital structure will the firm run out of retained earnings?

Delta Corporation has the following capital structure:

 

Cost
(aftertax)
Weights Weighted
Cost
Debt (Kd) 7.6 % 5 % 0.38 %
Preferred stock (Kp) 5.8 15 0.87
Common equity (Ke) (retained earnings) 12.2 80 9.76
Weighted average cost of capital (Ka) 11.01 %

a. If the firm has $32 million in retained earnings, at what size capital structure will the firm run out of retained earnings? (Enter your answer in millions of dollars (e.g., $10 million should be entered as “10”).)

b. The 7.6 percent cost of debt referred to earlier applies only to the first $8 million of debt. After that the cost of debt will go up. At what size capital structure will there be a change in the cost of debt? (Enter your answer in millions of dollars (e.g., $10 million should be entered as “10”).)