Offer, Acceptance and Contract Formation

Offer, Acceptance and Contract Formation
Help with this problem:
1. Analysis and applicable rules as applied to the seller/advertiser.
2. Analysis and applicable rules as they apply to the purchaser.
PROBLEM:
A store ran a sales promotion to boost sales of a product. The promotion included both free gifts for purchases and low interest financing. It was supported by a print advertising campaign in several states.
The advertisements ran in major daily newspapers, and stated as follows:
Buy this product at a low price of $14,599.00. We will finance it an incredible 7.5% interest rate** and let you pick the term of the loan: 6, 12, or 18 months. No monthly payments. At the end of the term you pay:
6 months: $14, 781.49
12 months: $14, 963.98
18 months: $15, 146.46 ** Annual Percentage Rate: Subject to credit qualification.
Plus we will help you get started with a gift certificate that can be redeemed for products worth $300.00.
The promotion was successful, with 68 of the products sold in 2 weeks. All 68 gift certificates were issued and have been fully redeemed by all the customers. Unfortunately the advertisements contained a serious error. A financial analyst calculated the financing figures for the ad using a 2.5% interest rate, not a 7.7% interest rate. The numbers is the advertisements were incorrect. The correct numbers based on a 7.5% interest rate are:
6 months: $15,146.46
12 months: $15,693,93
18 months: $16,241.39
Total Loss on all Contracts: $65,695.50
Customers who bought the product during the promotion signed standard plain language promissory notes that clearly stated the 7.5% interest rate. Only one person selected the 6 month term, 22 selected the 12 month term , and 45 selected the 18 month term. The customer with the 6 month term came forward and a dispute arose over the correct amount due. The seller believes they are entitled to the higher amount, but the customer refused to pay more than the advertised amount. To resolve the matter, the smaller amount was accepted for this one case with a six month term, but do not wish to accept the advertised amount on the remaining 67 contracts with 12 or 18 month contracts.
Help determining if the seller is contractually bound by the terms of the advertisement, or whether they can enforce the contract terms of the promissory notes for the higher amount.
Help with all legal arguments for the seller and purchaser. This does not involve the law of mistakes.

EXAMINE THE CURRENT TREATMENTS FOR PARKINSON’S DISEASE (PD).


Physiological Psychology

Text:       Physiology of Behavior

Tenth Edition, 2010

ISBN-I0: 0205666272, ISBN-13: 9780205666270

Authors:        Neil R. Carlson

Publisher:        Allyn & Bacon

Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)

  1. The ability of Natalie J.’S grandfather to touch the end of a cane held by his doctor after

becoming blind after a stroke _________ _

  1. was made possible because his color visual system was intact
  2. was possible because his corpus callosum was intact
  3. was made possible because his primitive visual system was intact
  4. is due to chance
  5. occurred because the stroke did not involve the right hemisphere
  6. Blindsight suggests that some parts of the brain may playa special role in ________________________ _
  7. tactile sensation
  8. eye movements
  9. sleep-wake cycles
  10. reproductive behavior
  11. consciousness
  12. Which of the following is true of blindsight?
  13. The primitive visual system is key for consciousness.
  14. Reaching is only guided by the conscious visual system.
  15. People are acutely aware of their blindspots.
  16. Humans appear to have dual visual systems.
  17. The right hemipshere is important for language functi
  18. Transection of the _________________ may be useful for reducing the symptoms of __________________ _
  19. corpus callosum; epilepsy
  20. visual system; blindsight
  21. stria terminalis; amnesia
  22. parietal cortex; unilateral neglect
  23. corpus callosum; anxiety
  24. Epilepsy can be controlled by __________ _
  25. damaging portions of the parietal cortex
  26. damaging portions of the pineal gland
  27. drugs that stimulate the firing of neurons
  28. electrical stimulation of certain brain regions
  29. cutting the corpus callosum

45v

  1. click here for more information on this paper
  1. Which of the following neurological conditions involve the excessive firing of nerve cells
    in the brain?
  2. Hemorrhagic stroke
  3. Hydrocephalus
  4. Hematoma
  5. Epilepsy
  6. Myasthen ia gravis
  7. A person whose corpus callosum has been sectioned would be expected to show which of
    the following?
  8. I ncreased frequency of epi leptic seizures.
  9. Coordinated control of his right and left hands.
  10. Reading an interesting book held in his right hand.
  11. Making obscene gestures with his left hand.
  12. None of the above are correct.
  13. An important function of the corpus callosum is to _____________________ _
  14. channel sensory information to the thalamic relay centers
  15. control the movement of the hands and feet
  16. interconnect the cerebral hemispheres
  17. modulate the release of neurohormones from the pituitary
  18. dampen neural firing in the cortex
  19. 9. Surgical sectioning of the corpus callosum is intended to ______________________ _
  20. reduce swelling of the brain in hydroencephalus patients
  21. minimize long-term memories of traumatic events
  22. promote the development of the memory systems
  23. reduce the severity of epileptic seizures
  24. None of the above are correct.
  25. 10. In most persons, a key function of the left hemisphere ______________________ _
  26. is to control the left side of the body
  27. is the control of language
  28. relates to spatial perception
  29. is to integrate the tactile information from the left side of the body
  30. is to receive olfactory information from the right nostri I

46

1l. Imagine that your corpus callosum has been sectioned to minimize your epileptic seizures.

Suppose that your left nostril is plugged with cotton and that a fresh rose has been placed

near your right nostril. Under these conditions, the rose would _____________________ _

  1. generate a sensory message in your left hemisphere
  2. generate a sensory message in both hemispheres
  3. lead you to report the smell of a flower
  4. not generate a verbal report of this experience
  5. A and C are correct.
  6. 12. A key function of the right hemisphere relates to the _____________________ _
  7. motor control of the left side of the body
  8. processing of olfactory signals from the left nostri I
  9. processing of tactile signals from the right side of the body
  10. motor control of the right side of the body
  11. capacity to control feeding, tigtrting, fleeing, and mating
  12. Imagine that your corpus callosum has been sectioned to minimize your epileptic seizures.

Suppose that your left nostril is plugged with cotton and that a fresh rose has been placed

near your right nostril. Under these conditions, you would be most likely to _______________________ _

  1. experience a sensory message r your left hemisphere
  2. use your right hand to choose a hidden plastic flower
  3. report that you smell a flower
  4. use your left hand to select a hidden plastic flower
  5. use your right hand to select a pine tree
  6. Unilateral neglect involves ______________ .
  7. the inability to notice objects placed to the right side of a person
  8. damage to the left hemisphere of the brain
  9. the inability to notice objects placed to the left side of a person
  10. damage to the amygdala and hippocampus
  11. impaired speech production
  12. A person who sustains damage within her right parietal cortex would be expected

to _____________ _

  1. show impaired perception of tactile stimuli on the left side of the body
  2. experience altered emotional expression
  3. be better at planning motor actions involving her hands
  4. experience unilateral neglect
  5. experience impaired speech production

47

  1. 16. A person suffering from unilateral neglect would be unable to ______________________ _
  2. attend to the right half of a stimulus
  3. state whether the right half of a stimulus is the same as the left half of the stimulus
  4. accurately label the hours of a clock drawing
  5. recognize both hands as their own
  6. describe parts of a well known landmark
  7. The author of the first psychology text was ____________________ and the text was entitled
  8. Rene Descartes; A Primer of Psychology
  9. Sigmund Freud; Dream Interpretation After Cocaine Ingestion
  10. Neil Carlson; Foundations of Physiological Psychology
  11. Luigi Galvani; Frog Legs and Psychologic Function
  12. Wilhelm Wundt; Principles of Physiological Psychology
  13. Your textbook author asserts that the primary function of the brain is to _______________________ _
  14. allow us to appreciate art and music
  15. allow for the experience of emotions
  16. control movement
  17. create memories of our experiences
  18. interpret our sensory experiences
  1. 19.

______ represent explanations used by all scientists.

  1. Generalizations
  2. Inductions
  3. Isolations
  4. Syllogisms
  5. Rationalizations

48

  1. Imagine that you now experience such an overly strong fear of dogs that you refuse to
    leave your house for fear of encountering a dog. A learning theorist would suggest that the
    roots of your fear can be attributed to classical conditioning in which you associated the
    sight and sound of a dog with some aversive experience. This type of explanation would

involve the process of _______________ _

  1. rationalization
  2. pseudoscience
  3. reductionism
  4. generalization
  5. dualism
  1. A scientific explanation of a complex phenomenon that is cast in terms of a simpler one

involves the process of _____________ _

  1. rational ization
  2. falsification
  3. generalization
  4. deduction
  5. reduction
  6. You notice that your roommate has difficu Ity sleeping after consum i ng heavi Iy caffei nated
    You know from your courses that caffeine can stimulate brain neurons that
    produce arousal (and that such arousal disturbs sleep function). If you suggest to your
    roommate that his/ner insomnia reflects the action of caffeine on brain function, your

explanation would involve the process of _________________ _

  1. reduction
  2. superordinate causality
  3. generalization
  4. induction
  5. None of the above are correct.
  6. Which of the following statement is NOT correct?
  7. Reduction uses simple processes to explain complicated ones.
  8. The goal of science is to understand a phenomenon under study.
  9. Generalization and reduction are important tools in science.
  10. Scientists only use reductionistic explanations.
  11. Most scientific studies use non-human experimental subjects.
    1. click here for more information on this paper
  • Ancient Greek culture before Hippocrates considered the _______________________________________ to be the seat of

thought and emotion.

  1. gut
  2. heart
  3. brain
  4. pineal gland
  5. stomach

49

  • The philosopher attrbuted thought and emotion to the brain, whereas

_____ considered the function of the brain as important for cooling the heart.

  1. Aristotle; Hippocrates
  2. Galen; Aristotle
  3. Hippocrates; Aristotle
  4. Plato; Galen
  5. Hippocrates; Plato

50

Written Assignment for Unit One

  • I ncl ude your namestudent numbercourse numbercourse title and uninumber on each page
    of your written assignment (this is for your protection in case your materials become separated).
  • Begin each written assignment by identifying the question number you are answering followed by
    the actual question itself (in bold type).
  • Use a standard essay format for responses to all questions (i.e. an introduction, middle
    paragraphs and conclusion).
  • Responses must be submitted as a MS Word Document only, typed double-spaced, using a

standard font (i.e. Times New Roman) and 12 point type size.

Word count is NOT one of the criteria that is used in assigning points to written assignments. However,
students who are successful in earning the maximum number of points tend to submit written assignments
that fall in the following ranges:

Undergraduate courses: 350 – 500 words or 1 – 2 pages.
Graduate courses: 500 – 750 words or 2 – 3 pages.
Doctoral courses: 750 – 1000 words or 4 – 5 pages.

Plagiarism

All work must be free of any form of plagiarism. put written answers into your own words.Do not simply cut
and paste your answers from the I nternet and do not copy your answers from the textbook. Be sure to refer to
the course Syllabus for more detai Is on plagiarism and proper citation styles.

Please answer ONE othe following:

1 J;:””,mino tho UI;O of :>nimals in rcccorch and thc ethical iocucc associated vvith suctt use.

Make an argument a) FOR and b) AGAINST their use.

  1. Analyze why the termination step of the neural communication process is a key target for
    therapeutic drugs.
  2. Compare and contrast the anatomy and function of the sympathetic and parasympathetic
    divisions of the ANS.

51

Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)

  1. 1. A lesion technique that is selective for cell bodies involves _____________________ _
  2. aspiration of tissue using a pipette
  3. overstimulation of glutamate receptors by kainic acid
  4. the flow of alternating current at the tip of an electrode
  5. the flow of electrical current through an electrode
  6. A and C are correct.
  • A key advantage of lesions is that they affect only neural cell bodies and do not

damage axons passing through the region.

  1. hypoxic
  2. aspiration
  3. 6-hydroxydopamine
  4. radio-frequency
  5. excitotoxic
  • Molecular biologists have tagged toxins to specific ______________________________________ that in turn will kill specific

types of neurons.

  1. antigens
  2. receptors
  3. kainic acid
  4. antibodies
  5. autoreceptors
  • A(n) allows an experimenter to determine whether a lesion in a rat brain

produced a specific behavioral effect.

  1. sham-lesion control group
  2. pseudo-control group
  3. aspiration device
  4. cool i ng electrode
  5. Band C are correct.
  6. 5. The key advantage of a reversible lesion is that ___________________ _
  7. axons of passage are not affected by reversible procedures
  8. each animal can serve as its own control
  9. cell bodies are not affected by reversible procedures
  10. such lesions affect brain tissue near the tip of the lesion device
  11. kainic acid is inexpensive

110

_____ is a common landmark or reference point used for stereotaxic surgery.

  1. The fornix
  2. The optic chiasma
  3. Bregma
  4. The parasagittal sutures
  5. The zero poi nt

III

  1. A temporary disruption of neural activity within a region of the brain can be produced
  2. using a knife to cut brain tissue
  3. using an injection of muscimol into the brain region
  4. by local heating of the brain using radiofrequency waves
  5. by injection of kainic acid
  6. by stimulation of bregma
  7. The surgical instrument used to implant an electrode or cannula into the brain is termed

a ___________ _

  1. stereotaxic apparatus
  2. electroencephalogram
  3. cryoloop
  4. macroelectrode
  5. magnetrode
  6. The three numbers listed on a page of a stereotaxic atlas describe ___________________ _
  7. anterior-posterior, dorsal-ventral, and medal-lateral coordinates
  8. drill bit diameter, length, and approximate size of lesion
  9. the settings on a stereotaxic apparatus for mice versus rats
  10. the strain, age, and weight of an animal
  11. C and D are correct.
  12. 10. Successive pages of a stereotaxic atlas refer to ___________________ _
  13. various distances relative to the bottom of the brain
  14. the distance from the top of the skull
  15. various distances relative to bregma
  16. various distances relative to the midline
  17. All of the above are correct.
  1. Wh ich of the followi ng is true of stereotaxic surgery?
  2. A stereotaxic instrument usually requires coordinates from a brain atlas.
  3. The carrier arm can be manipulated in three dimensions.
  4. The head holder is designed to fix the skull in a rigid position.
  5. The stereotaxic instrument is useful for implanting electrodes or cannulae into brain.
  6. All of the above are correct.

______ is considered to be a histological method.

  1. Fixing the brain
  2. Visual examination of a stained section
  3. Cutting the brain
  4. Staining the brain
  5. All of the above are correct.

112

  1. refers to a histological procedure in which blood is drained and replaced by

another fluid, such as a salt solution.

  1. Microdialysis
  2. Perfusion
  3. Fixation
  4. Staining
  5. Desanguination
  6. Formalin is useful in the histology laboratory because it _____________________________________________________________ _
  7. introduces microorganisms that help decompose the brain after death
  8. halts the enzyme process that breaks down brain tissue after death
  9. quickly removes the blood from the brain
  10. softens the brai n tissue
  11. All of the above are correct.
  • The __________________ instrument is used to slice the brain into thin pieces for later

examination.

  1. microtome
  2. stereotaxic
  3. cryocoil
  4. microiontophoretic
  5. microscopy
  1. Of the following, __________________ does not belong with the other four terms.
  2. electrical stimulation of the bra n
  3. visual examination of a stained section
  4. cutting the brain
  5. staining the brain
  6. fixing the brain
  7. The RNA, DNA, and associated proteins in cell bodies are collectively referred to

as _____________ _

  1. cytoplasm
  2. amino acids
  3. Nissl substance
  4. gangliosides
  5. nucleotides
  6. 18. A ________________ is a thin slice of bra n used in histology.
  7. cell fragment
  8. brai n cut
  9. section
  10. horizontal view
  11. tissue segment
  12. 19. The fine details of neuron structure in a brain slice or section are revealed by
  13. albumin fixation
  14. stains
  15. immersion in xylene
  16. cyanoacrylate glue
  17. visual examination of raw brain slices using MRI
  18. Of the structures in the following list, cresyl violet stains ________________________ most intensely.
  19. dendrites
  20. axons
  21. synapses
  22. cell bodies
  23. terminal boutons

the changing role of human resource management professionals.

the changing role of human resource management professionals.

Term Report
The topic of the report is the changing role of human resource management professionals. You should examine existing research documents and address such issues as:
-what have been the historical roles played by human resource management (HRM) professionals?
-are there any trends with respect to changes in HRM professionals’ roles? If so, what are they and what are the causes?
-what is the future for HRM professionals?
 
Please do not conduct any interviews or surveys in completing this project. Please limit your use of the internet and focus on research that has been published in academic and professional sources.
 
Your report should be about two to three pages in length and must be properly cited and referenced using the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Please be sure to provide a brief introduction to your paper as well as a summary and a conclusions section. Your report should be double-spaced and should use Times New Roman 12, Calibri 12, or some similar and easy-to-read pitch and font.
 
The report will be graded in terms of the extent to which the issues raised in the three above questions are addressed. Please pay attention to spelling and grammar.

Blueprint for Building an Online Workforce Elance

Document Preview:

TAPPING INTO THE HUMAN CLOUD A Blueprint for Building an Online Workforce Elance White Paper—March 2011
© 2011 Elance, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2 TAPPING INTO THE HUMAN CLOUD A Blueprint for Building an Online Workforce The Human Cloud A worldwide talent pool of skilled online “knowledge workers” “We predict that by 2020, approximately 25% to 35% of the entire U.S. workforce will be made up of temporary workers of some form, including contractors.” – Littler Mendelson, P.C.1 “Online employment of independent ‘cloud’ workers already represents nearly $1 billion per year.” – Fabio Rosati, CEO, Elance2 “It’s a digital world, and the smart companies will hire more flexibly and get more work done online in 2011.” – Shane O’Neill, CIO Magazine3 Dawn of The Human Cloud Without the right talent, businesses cannot innovate, grow, or remain competitive. In this fast-paced global economy, to succeed businesses must develop the means to access the right skill sets, at the right price, at the right time. Today, the total U.S. contingent workforce stands at approximately 14 million people, with U.S. businesses spending over $400 billion on these workers.4 In 2020, Littler Mendelson, a leading labor law firm, predicts that contract work will make up 25 to 35% of all work.5 In uncertain economic times, labor flexibility is even more critical. Indeed, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics economist Amar Mann, companies have been using contingent labor as a “clutch to downshift into recessions and upshift into recoveries.”6 The bottom line is that businesses are looking for an expanded talent pool, flexible engagements, lower costs, decreased risk – and better results. Innovative companies are discovering all of these qualities in The Human Cloud. The Human Cloud is a quickly expanding pool of rated and tested “knowledge workers” performing services around the world through online work platforms like Elance. The Human Cloud includes a wide range of workers,

Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model

SOC 312 Week 1 DQ 1 Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model

 

Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model. Your text uses Bronfenbrenner’s ecological model to explain how children’s development is affected by different groups within their world. Using this theory, we can understand how children are socialized both intentionally and unintentionally. You must understand how this theory applies to your own upbringing as well as a young child’s upbringing in order to truly comprehend the concept. After reading the text and the “Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory” article, use your understanding of this theory to respond to the questions below.

Using Bronbenbrenner’s ecological model, respond to the following questions:

a. How did the microsystem that you grew up in differ from your parents’ or grandparents’ microsystems? Do you think this is a detrimental or an affirmative change to society as a whole?

b. How do you think technology, specifically social media, influences a child’s mesosystems?

 

 

SOC 312 Week 1 DQ 2 Agents of Socialization

 

Agents of Socialization. Agents of socialization include parents, siblings, extended family, community, culture, economic environment, religion, child care, school, teachers, peers, formal organizations, sports, mass media, and technology. In an ideal world, these agents would complement one another in order to best influence a child’s development. Choose three of the above agents and discuss how these agents can have both a positive and negative influence on a child’s development. Include examples from your own experience and share ways that you believe the agents of socialization could be improved.

 

 

SOC 312 Week 1 Journal Socialization

 

Socialization. If you could change any of the major agents of socialization in your own upbringing, what would you change and why? Do you think this change would have altered the course of your life? If so, why? If not, why not?

 

 

SOC 312 Week 1 Quiz

 

1.    Question : Technology has not had a big impact on children growing up today.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

2.    Question : During WWII, women were still viewed in their “traditional” roles such as teachers, nurses, and seamstresses.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

3.    Question : _________is defined as a learning theory that emphasizes the predictable role of environment in causing observable behavior.

Student Answer:

Classical Conditioning

Operant Conditioning

Behaviorism

Social Learning Theory

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

4.    Question: Which of the following is an example of positive punishment?

Student Answer:

No computer for a week

Not being allowed to go out with friends for the weekend

Swimming in the family pool

Having to do the family laundry for a week

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

5.    Question : Self Esteem is defined as the confidence in one’s abilities or characteristics required to succeed in a given task.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

6.    Question : As a result of the catastrophe in 2001, children are growing up in a different world today.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

7.    Question : According to America’s Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, which of the following indicators looks at family structure and children’s living arrangements, births to unmarried woman, child care, children of at least one foreign-born parent, language spoken at home and difficulty speaking English, adolescent births, and child maltreatment?

Student Answer:

Healthcare

Family and Social Environment

Behavior

Education

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

8.    Question : Impacts of social policies represent the __________________ in Bronfenbrenner’s ecological model.

Student Answer:

exosystem

macrosystem

chronosystem

mesosystem

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

9.    Question : Peers are part of the __________________ in Bronfenbrenner’s ecological model.

Student Answer:

macrosystem

microsystem

exosystem

mesosystem

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

10.                    Question : Culture is part of the __________________ in Bronfenbrenner’s ecological model.

Student Answer:

macrosystem

microsystem

exosystem

mesosystem

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

 

SOC 312 Week 2 DQ 1 The Theory of Mind

 

The Theory of Mind. Watch the following short film, theory of mind.mov, which demonstrates the theory of mind using a juice box experiment.

At around four years of age, a fundamental change occurs in children’s understanding of others’ behaviors or what is also called theory of mind. Using your knowledge from our readings, watch the video to determine which stage both Jacob and Patrick are currently in respectively.

Discuss both Jacob’s and Patrick’s reaction to the “mean monkey.” What stage would Erickson say each child is in? How do these different stages influence their values and attitudes? Do you think it is possible for a child over the age of three to have trouble understanding that his or her beliefs can be false? Explain your reasoning

 

 

SOC 312 Week 2 DQ 2 Self-Regulation

 

Self-Regulation. Regardless of a child’s unique qualities, one thing remains the same; to improve learning and behavior, children must develop strong self-regulation skills. Read the article from the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC), “Developing Young Children’s Self-Regulation Through Everyday Experiences.”

The marshmallow experiment is a famous test conducted by Walter Mischel at Stanford University and discussed by Daniel Goleman in his popular work. In the 1960s, a group of four-year-olds were given a marshmallow and promised another only if they could wait 20 minutes before eating the first one. Some children could wait and others could not. The researchers then followed the progress of each child into adolescence, and demonstrated that those with the ability to wait were better adjusted and more dependable (determined via surveys of their parents and teachers), and scored an average of 210 points higher on the Scholastic Aptitude Test. Watch the video, The Marshmallow Test.

Reflect on the information in the NAEYC article, the video, and your text and explain how toddlers with better self-regulation skills are less likely to demonstrate behavior problems in preschool. Explain why these self-regulation skills are so important and how you will promote the learning of self-regulation. How will you deliberately teach self-regulation as part of everyday experience? Share an example of your own self-regulation skills that you can model for others.

 

 

SOC 312 Week 2 Journal Gender Issues

 

Gender Issues. Consider the anecdote of “Elena” in your text book. Obviously, Elena’s mother prefers that her daughter participates in more feminine activities. What is your opinion? Do you think that young children should be guided toward gender specific toys? Why or why not?

 

 

SOC 312 Week 2 Influence of Peers

 

Influence of Peers. The influence of peers during childhood can have a long-lasting effect on a person throughout his or her life. Describe at least three different ways in which teachers and/or parents can intervene to help improve a child’s social skills and relationship with peers. (Keep in mind that it is the adult’s responsibility to enhance a relationship with peers, rather than be the relationship.)

Use the information from your text to complete a graphic organizer that provides a succinct summary of your suggestions for parents/educators. In addition, give a short explanation of why these suggestions will encourage positive peer relationships. You must use at least two scholarly sources other than the textbook and required readings to support your suggestions.

You may download the Inspiration9 30-Day Trial or use an application of your own to create a graphic organizer. Be sure to upload all necessary links, images, and/or text onto a Word document. Instructions for downloading Inspiration9 and exporting to Word can be found in the online course.

Criteria:

Your creation must be one page using the graphic organizer of your choice. In addition, you must create a title page and reference page formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

 

 

SOC 312 Week 2 Quiz

 

1.    Question : Separation anxiety is characterized by a sense of apprehensiveness towards strange people or places.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

2.    Question : A value is defined as an individual’s positive or negative response to people, objects, places, or situations.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

3.    Question : Regardless of environment, imprint of biology, parents, and culture, every infant is born with a personality or temperament that guides and influences their approach to the world.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

4.    Question : Effortful control deals with self-regulation in relation to temperament.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

5.    Question : Temperament impacts how children react to events in their environment.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

6.    Question : ____________ is an inborn motive to explore, understand, and control one’s environment.

Student Answer:

Mastery motivation

Internal attribution

External attribution

Achievement motivation

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

7.    Question : ___________________ helping involves providing unrewarded assistance with a goal in mind.

Student Answer:

Egocentric

Deductive

Prosocial

Instrumental

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

8.    Question : The ________________ contribution refers to social influences on gender development.

Student Answer:

behavior

personal

triadic

environmental

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

9.    Question : Parenting is an example of _________________ factors that influence the development of self-regulation.

Student Answer:

intra-individual

motivational

extra-individual

temperamental

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

10.                    Question : Which stage of attachment is defined as an infant typically showing a definite preference for interaction and comforting from a familiar caregiver, usually the child’s mother, father, or other frequent caregiver?

Student Answer:

Pre-attachment

Clear-cut attachment

Formation of reciprocal attachment

Attachment in the making

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

 

SOC 312 Week 3 DQ 1 Motivators

 

Motivators. Imagine that you are a preschool teacher. Describe a situation in which you would use an extrinsic reward to motivate a preschooler. Discuss how these motivators could result in learned helplessness. Now, give examples and explain how you can lead the same child to achieve intrinsic motivation by becoming his or her own locus of control. Keep in mind that your end goal is for the child to be intrinsically motivated so that he or she has ownership of the behavior.

 

 

SOC 312 Week 3 DQ 2 Control

 

Control. The role of the microsystem in shaping children’s effortful control is important and parents play a critical role. After reading the text and viewing the “Life at 3: Bad Behavior” video, address the following:

a. What would you recommend to a parent who asks you what he or she can do to promote his or her preschool child’s self-regulation skills?

b. Now turning to the mesosystem, identify examples of influences on the child’s effortful control you can share with the parent.

c. Provide examples of influences on children’s effortful control that you have observed in your own family and other families who are close to you.

 

 

SOC 312 Week 3 Developmentally Appropriate Teaching Strategies

 

Developmentally Appropriate Teaching Strategies. Read the articles “10 Effective DAP Teaching Strategies” and “Culturally Responsive Classroom Strategies.” In addition, view the Culture in the Classroom website and the Keynote by Lisa Delpit (Teaching Tolerance) video

After reviewing the required resources, identify and discuss three challenges involved with ensuring that teaching strategies are appropriate for culturally diverse children. Then, discuss these cultural challenges in the classroom using one sociological perspective (i.e., functionalism, conflict theory, symbolic interactionism, etc.) and another relevant perspective, such as Piaget’s preoperational stage of development. Finally, identify and discuss how the challenges related to differences in culture may be addressed by a teacher in a way that increases the child’s cognitive advancement and academic success.

You must use at least two scholarly sources other than the textbook and required resources for this assignment. The paper must include a summary of each of the challenges identified and each of the remedies to those challenges. In addition, you must include an explanation of the cultural challenges in the classroom using one of the sociological perspectives and Piaget’s theory of the preoperational stage of cognitive development.

 

 

SOC 312 Week 3 Quiz

 

1.    Question : Theory of Mind has been shown to be linked to values.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

2.    Question : Intrinsic motivation is defined as doing an activity to attain some separate outcome to get a reward or to avoid punishment.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

3.    Question :Maya’s parents promised to buy her a new bicycle if she helped with the household chores. She has been helping her parents by picking up her toys and putting her clothes in the hamper. Maya’s behavior is being driven by ___________.

Student Answer:

avoidant displacement

extrinsic motivation

intrinsic motivation

attributional advancement

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

4.    Question : A child’s tendency to focus on one aspect of a situation while neglecting others.

Student Answer:

theory of mind

centration

differed imitation

irreversibility

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

5.    Question : Once gender schema is formed, children are expected to act in ways that conform to traditional gender roles.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

6.    Question: A term coined by Piaget to mean the ability to use mental representations such as words, numbers, or images to attach meaning.

Student Answer:

use of symbols

understanding of identities

understanding cause and effect

symbolic thought

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

7.    Question :Ryan’s parents are teaching him to not interrupt others when they are speaking. This task will require _______________.

Student Answer:

executive function

effortful control

delay of gratification

locus of control

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

8.    Question : Another name for children’s internalized values and codes of conduct is __________________.

Student Answer:

conscience

effortful control

volition

locus of control

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

9.    Question : Gender schema relates to the notion of how children develop gender _____________________.

Student Answer:

constancy

roles

neutrality

awareness

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

10.                    Question : When children play alongside their peers but do not directly interact with them, this behavior is illustrative of __________________ play.

Student Answer:

associative

onlooker

cooperative

parallel

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

 

SOC 312 Week 4 DQ 1 Cultural and Linguistic Differences

 

Cultural and Linguistic Differences. Listen to the Cultural and Linguistic Differences podcast from The IRIS Center, or read the transcript. Consider what Donna Ford has to say about prejudice and stereotyping. Then, read the “Culture-Based Education and Its Relationship to Student Outcomes” article.

Discuss how educators can positively influence a school-age child to not hold biases or prejudices against others. Give an example of how a teacher can create a community of learners who support one another by fostering positive attitudes. Give an example of how an educator could teach his or her students the importance of acceptance. Your post must address the children in the concrete operational stage.

 

 

SOC 312 Week 4 DQ 2 Bullying

 

Bullying. Bullying is a prevalent issue during middle childhood. Watch The Power of One – School Video Sample. Choose one of the situations presented: Diego, Timmy, or Kendra Briefly describe the situation. Offer suggestions that can be put into place by the teacher, school, and the parents (at least one for each). Use the following sources to support your response:

a. Bullies: What is Bullying

b. Stopbullying

You must address what should be said to the child who is targeted and to the child exhibiting the bullying behavior. You must include what should not be said as well. Include at least one suggestion to be used in the classroom and one suggestion that can be reinforced at home.

 

 

SOC 312 Week 4 Journal Private or Public Bully

 

 

Private or Public Bully. Think about bullying and young children. Do you think that bullying is more apt to happen in a public school setting or a private school setting? Do you think the setting has any effect on bullying, or is it primarily the child’s age? Reflect on a bullying incident that you are aware of. The incident can include you as the victim, the bully, or a bystander. This may even be an incident that was reported in the news of which you are aware. Alternatively, you may share an incident that occurred with your own child or a child who is close to you. How could the situation have been changed or avoided?

 

 

SOC 312 Week 4 Bullying…Change

 

Bullying…Change. Read the following essay, written by Antonio, a fourth-grade student.

The Bully in the Mirror

Antonio, 4th Grade

Mirror Mirror on the wall why must I be the

Bully that has to fall. I beat on kids around the school

The mirror told me it wasn’t cool. The mirror told me to change.

My ways I have beat up kids all by days. I have no friends.

It’s just not right. The mirror said cause you like to fight.

I am a bully how could this be. The mirror is starting to

Change me. Reflections are now flashing back to me.

Someone plant the seed inside of me. Now the mirror has

shown me poor. I’ll change my ways and start

new days the bully is no more part of me.

Any bully can change

Imagine that you are Antonio’s teacher. Antonio obviously wants to make a change. As a fourth grader, it is almost impossible to do this alone. Therefore, he has handed this writing piece to you, his teacher. Understanding that this transformation involves far more than you and Antonio, you will devise a plan to help him change his history and be a good person.

First, read the Kenny (2007) article and discuss how Antonio’s “looking glass self” has been influenced by the agents of socialization. Be sure to explain how this looking glass self is related to his “answerability” and what role that has in his desire to change his behavior.

Next, devise a game plan for Antonio’s change:

a. Share one lesson or activity that can be completed with the whole class. The lesson or activity should focus on the importance of awareness and bully prevention. Describe the lesson or activity and how it will benefit the class as a whole.

b. List one idea showing how the class can support Antonio’s change. Explain how you would help your students support their former tormentor.

c. List one strategy that you can help Antonio implement in order for him to stay on the right path (e.g., literature, a check list, or a change in routine).

d. Provide one suggestion you would share with Antonio’s parents, so that this change in behavior is a true partnership between you (the teacher), the child, and the parents.

Use the information from your text and the Pacer’s National Bullying Prevention Center website to create your plan. You must include two scholarly sources in addition to the two given.

 

 

 

 

SOC 312 Week 4 Quiz

 

1.    Question : Concrete operations is defined as stage in which children can use mental operations to solve concrete or actual problems.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

2.    Question: Family plays a small role in the development of a school-aged child’s self-esteem.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

3.    Question: Children who have secure relationships with their parents are likely to make friends more easily at school.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

4.    Question: Babak is ten years old, and most of his friends are girls. Babak’s choice of friends would tend to make him less popular with his male peers.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

5.    Question: Collaboration has little impact on a child’s ability to solve problems.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

6.    Question: Children generally describe females in action-related terms, and males in appearance-related terms.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

7.    Question : Lee is playing with blocks at school. He is dividing them up based on their color. This is an example of_______.

Student Answer:

categorization.

spatial thinking.

understanding cause and effect.

seriation

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

8.    Question : According to Bronfenbrenner, children’s _____________ have a great impact on their development.

Student Answer:

macrosystem

mesosystem

exosystem

microsystem

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

9.    Question : Sonja loves to wear her pink tutu every day. She refuses to take it off, even at bed or when it is snowing. Sonja is demonstrating what?

Student Answer:

antisocial behavior

a difficult temperament

“pink frilly dress” phenomenon

tomboyism

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

10.                    Question : Gender differences in school-aged children’s _________ have been well documented.

Student Answer:

internal locus of control

external locus of control

learned helplessness

achievement motivation

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

 

SOC 312 Week 5 DQ 1 Technology

 

Technology. Your text shares many negative effects of technology and the media’s influence on children. Regardless, technology is increasing rapidly and is only becoming a larger portion of our children’s lives. After reading “Mass Media, Television, and Children’s Socialization,” choose an age level (toddler, preschool, or elementary age) upon which to focus in this discussion. Then, list three positive examples of how technology has enhanced socialization for children in that age group. Give two additional examples of how parents/educators can use technology to further enhance a child’s socialization.

 

 

 

SOC 312 Week 5 DQ 2 Nonparental Care

 

Nonparental Care. Choose one of the three nonparental care choices: nannies, center-based, or family-based care. Imagine that you are trying to sell your chosen method of care to a prospective client who is a parent of a toddler. Share the advantages of your childcare setting so that the parent chooses your method to care for their child. Address the following in your post: socialization, cost, turnover, and any other points that you believe are necessary to sell your childcare option.

 

 

 

SOC 312 Week 5 Journal Self-Assessment

 

Self-Assessment. Reflect on your coursework so far. Which assignment was the most engaging? Why? Have you learned anything new? How will you use your new knowledge? Evaluate your work so far. Which assignments and/or activities did you excel in? What could you have improved?

Journal response options:

a. Written reflection journal

b. Jing reflection with visuals

c. Peer dialogue reflection (where you discuss the questions above with a peer or colleague and write a reflection based on your discussion).

 

 

 

SOC 312 Week 5 Quiz

 

1.    Question : Young people use music to help regulate and express their feelings.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

2.    Question : Approximately 30 percent of four month olds in the United States watch some form of television on a regular basis.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

3.    Question : Children who are exposed to childcare centers for more hours and at an earlier age are more likely to demonstrate behavioral problems in kindergarten.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

4.    Question : About ___ percent of three month olds in the United States regularly watch TV, videos, or DVDs, and that number only rises as the children get older.

Student Answer:

15

30

40

60

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

5.    Question : Enrollment in universal prekindergarten programs is voluntary.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

6.    Question : The social networks of low-income parents are more likely to include professionals like teachers compared to middle-income parents.

Student Answer:

True

False

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

7.    Question : ______ are different than printed media, audio media, and screen media because it enables the active participation.

Student Answer:

Books

Music

Television

Video games

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

8.    Question : A large number of education apps for smart phones target children between the ages of ____________.

Student Answer:

two and five

five and seven

seven and nine

nine and eleven

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

9.    Question : Which of the following is not discussed as a form of nonparental child care?

Student Answer:

Nanny

Self-care

Center-based

Family-based

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

10.                    Question : A focus on interdependence between group members is reflective of the _________________ cultural framework.

Student Answer:

fatalism

collectivism

individualism

altruism

Points Received: 1 of 1

 

 

 

 

SOC 312 Week 5 Final Project

 

Focus of the Final Project

Your good friends have just adopted a four-year-old child. At this point, the only socialization decision they have made is that the child is going to preschool. Imagine that you are an expert in your chosen field. Your friends have come to you for advice and to devise a plan to raise their child. They ask you to be frank with them and give them specific examples to support your opinions. They are determined to raise this child to the best of their ability. Since they are new parents, they need advice on everything!

The summative assignment is to develop a user-friendly PowerPoint handbook of suggestions. The handbook will demonstrate your understanding of the material by applying the major topics discussed in the course to a real situation.

Writing the PowerPoint Presentation of the Final Project

1. Summarize Bronfenbrenner’s ecological model and describe why it is important for them to be aware of this theory (one to two slides).

2. Suggest and explain a parenting style/philosophy (authoritarian, authoritative, or permissive) that you believe will be most beneficial for the child and the family (one to two slides).

3. Explain which childcare (nanny, center-based, or family-based care) option (before/during/after preschool) you think is best for the child and why (one to two slides). Be sure to include discussion of the social factors that influence the likelihood of the family selecting a particular form of childcare.

4. Share specific suggestions, including at least two to implement safe technology use in the home. Explain how the media can (both positively and negatively) influence the child (one to two slides).

5. Discuss the importance of culture and ethnicity in the development of the self-concept. Share your ideas of ways that the new parents can create opportunities for the child to learn about his or her culture (one to two slides).

6. Describe at least two researched methods to increase the child’s self-esteem and positive attitude (one to two slides).

7. Differentiate between the importance of socialization that occurs in the home and at school. Explain the importance of each venue as a positive haven for the child (one to two slides).

8. Explain the importance of the teacher’s role in the child’s life. Give examples of how the school and the teacher will affect the child’s socialization (one to two slides).

9. Share the importance of positive peer interactions. Give two examples for the parents to implement at home to foster friendships (one to two slides).

The PowerPoint presentation must include a minimum of 15 slides (not including the title slide and reference slide). Students are encouraged to creatively address the material and include graphics, visuals, charts, graphs, and/or sound. Slides should be designed to clearly and concisely address the material. The PowerPoint presentation must be formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. Include a title slide, reference slide, and citations within the slides when appropriate. Students must use at least five scholarly sources and the course text.

 

 

SOC 312 American Society SOC312